8.2. Steering maintenance
Technical condition of steering approximately can be determined by the size of a free wheeling (side play) of a steering wheel. Service of steering includes its survey, check of fastening of units, a free wheeling of a steering wheel, check and adjustment of an axial side play in bearings of the screw, a gap in gearing of tooth steering gearing, and also lubricant works on the map of lubricant of the car.
At survey of steering it is necessary to check fastening of details. All nuts and bolts of fastening of a steering wheel, a steering column, a case of the steering mechanism, cardan steering drive, a bipod and levers of a steering trapeze have to be reliably tightened by the moments provided below. Then it is necessary to check a free wheeling of a steering wheel in the provision of forward wheels corresponding to the movement of the car on a straight line. The size of a free wheeling of a steering wheel should not exceed 25 ° for GAZ-2705 and GAZ-2705 of "Kombi" (and for buses — 20 °). If after check of all elements of steering and elimination of the revealed malfunctions the size of a free wheeling of a steering wheel makes 25 ° for GAZ-2705 and GAZ-2705 of "Kombi" (for buses — 20 °) and more, then it is necessary to adjust an inhaling of bearings of the screw and gear gearing of the steering mechanism.