12.4. Car lubricant

In the course of carrying out maintenance of the car use of other brands of goryuchezmazochny materials and liquids, except specified in tab. 11.4, 11.5 and 11.6 is forbidden.
Before producing lubricant, remove dirt from press butterdishes and traffic jams to avoid penetration it in car mechanisms.
It is necessary to produce lubricant the syringe until fresh lubricant does not seem from places of joints of details of the knot which is exposed to lubricant.
When replacing engine oil by oil of other brand or other firm washing of the lubrication system with flushing oil is obligatory.
Mixing (dolivka) of engine oils of various brands and various firms is forbidden.


Table 11.4. Card of lubricant
Name of a point of greasing
Stake. points
Stake. смазоч. material
Name of lubricant, oil
Frequency
The performed works




TO-1
TO-2
WITH

Engine lubrication system
1
6 l
See tab. 11. 5
+
+
-
To replace oil and the filtering element of an oil filter (see section 4.1) - ZMZ-4025, 4026. To replace oil and an oil filter - engines 4215, ZMZ-4061, 4063.
Plug of a rotor of the sensor distributor of ignition (421 ZMZ-4025, 4026)
1

Oil for the engine
-
+
-
To grease with 4-5 drops the rotor plug
Transmission case
1
1,2 l
At a temperature from -25 °C to +40 °C oil "Super T-3". The duplicating oils: TSP-15K, "Ufalyub unitrance", "Devon Supert". At a temperature from -40 °C to +20 °C Lukoil of TM-5 oil of SAE 75W90
-


-
+


+++
-


-
To check level and, if necessary to add to the level of the lower edge of a jellied opening (for the stopper located on the right side) or it is 7 mm below than the level of lower edge of a jellied opening (for the stopper located on the left side). To replace oil, to clear a magnetic drain stopper.
Needle bearings of cardan hinges
3
60 g
Super T-3 oil. The duplicating oils: "Ufalyub Unitras", "Devon Super T"
-
+
-
To replace through press butterdishes up to one exit fresher than lubricant from under all consolidations
Plugs and basic bearings shkvorny rotary fists
2
25 g
Solid oil C
The duplicating lubricant Solid oil Zh
+
+
-
To grease through a press butterdish before emergence of lubricant from under a sealant of the basic bearing and from a gap between the top lug of a fist and a beam. In case of a lubricant exit from under a cover шкворня it is necessary to tighten bolts of fastening of a cover and to wash out pivot connection by mix of gearbox oil with kerosene in the ratio 1:1 through a press butterdish
Case of the back bridge
1
3,0 l (2,2 * l)
At a temperature from -25 °C to +40 °C oil "Super T-3". The duplicating oils: "Ufalyub unitrance", "Devon Supert". At a temperature from -40 °C to +20 °C Lukoil of TM5 oil of SAE 75W90
-


-
+


+++
-


-
To check level and, if necessary, to add to the level of a control stopper. To replace oil, to clear a magnetic drain stopper after operation at low temperatures on oil with addition of diesel fuel, to replace oil in the spring
Bearings of naves of back wheels
4
66 g
At a temperature from -25 °C to +40 °C oil "Super T-3". The duplicating oils: "Ufalyub unitrance", "Devon Supert". At a temperature from -40 °C to +20 °C Lukoil of TM5 oil of SAE 75W90
-
+++
-
When changing oil in the back bridge to remove naves, to wash out them kerosene, to dry, put 15 g of lubricant in each bearing and in a cavity between working edges of cuffs on 2/3 volumes. To grease working edges of a cuff with a thin layer of lubricant.
Bearings of naves of forward wheels
4
270 g
Litol-24. The duplicating LITAS lubricant
-
+++
-
To remove naves, to wash out kerosene, to dry to put fresh lubricant on 15 g in internal bearings, on 10 g in external bearings, on 110 g in a cavity of naves and in a cavity between working edges of cuffs, having greased edges with a thin layer of lubricant. To establish naves and to make adjustment of bearings
Shock-absorbers
4
0,28х4=112 g
AZh-12T. The duplicating liquid - the HEY veretenny oil
-
-
-
To replace, if necessary, liquid
Case of the steering mechanism
1
0,45-0,5 l
Super T-3 oil the Duplicating oils: "Ufalyub Unitrans", "Devon Super T"
-
+
-
To check level and, if necessary, to add. Level of oil has to be within 15 mm from the lower edge of a jellied opening down
Sealant of a steering shaft
1
5 g
Litol-24 lubricant. The duplicating LITAS lubricant
-
-
+
To shift an edge of a sealant and to grease a working surface of a shaft
Cardan hinges of the steering drive
4
7 g
Litol-24. The duplicating lubricants: Solid oil C, Solid oil Zh
-
-
+
To grease through a press butterdish up to one emergence fresher than lubricant
Popolnitelny tank of the main brake cylinder
1
0,52 l
ROSDOT brake fluid. The duplicating Tom liquid
-
-
+
To replace liquid two times a year (spring)
Tank of the main cylinder of a hydraulic actuator of switching off of coupling
1
0,2 l
ROSDOT brake fluid. The duplicating Tom liquid
-
-
+
To replace liquid two times a year (spring)
Plugs of the rechargeable battery
2
10 g
PVK plastic lubricant or solid oil
-
-
+
To grease with a thin layer
Locks and drives of locks of doors (external and internal)
28
40 g
VMGZ or MGE10A oil
-
+
+

Switches of locks of doors
4
8 g
Litol-24. The duplicating LITAS lubricant
-
-
+
Before lubricant to wash out
Limiters of doors of a cabin
2
2 g
Litol-24. The duplicating LITAS lubricant
-
-
+
To grease the lever as required at emergence of a scratch
The rubbing surfaces of guides of a side door
3
30 g
Litol-24. The duplicating LITAS lubricant
-
+
-
Before lubricant to wipe
Cowl lock
1
1 g
VMGZ or MGE10A oil



If necessary, when jamming a latch
Cowl lock drive
1
15 g
Litol-24. The duplicating LITAS lubricant
-
-
+
Before lubricant to wash out. To grease the rubbing surfaces with a thin layer
Cowl loops
2
2 g
VMGZ or MGE10A oil
-
-
+
To grease if necessary, at emergence of a scratch
Bearing of the top roller of a side door of motor vans and buses
1
20 g
Litol-24, LITAS or TsIATIM-201
+
+
-
To put lubricant
Engine cooling system
1
9,7 ** l
11,5 *** l
TOSOL-A40M, OZh-40 cooling liquids, Lena, Termosol, A-40 Brand
-
-
+
To check density at seasonal service
* For the one-piece bridge with the pressed casings.
** For cars with one heater.
*** For cars with an additional heater (buses and motor vans with two rows of seats).

Table 11.5. The list of the certified engine oils
Engine model
Number brands
Viscosity classes on SAE
Classification on HUNDRED AAI 003-98 (API)
GOST, TU
Application
Semeytsvo of ZMZ-402 and 4215 engines
Motor Oil MNC
5W-30, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU-38.301-41-148-01
5W-30 from-25 to +20 °C
5W-40 from-25 to +35 °C
10W-30 from-20 to +30 °C
10W-40 from-20 to +35 °C
15W-40 from-15 to +35 °C
15W-40 from-15 to +45 °C
20W-40 from-10 to +45 °C
SAE30 from-5 to +45 °C

Уфалюб
15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.302.032-90


Ufalyub-Lyuks
10W-30, 15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 0253.004.05766540-96


Antrol
10W-30
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.601.01.220-92


Norsi
 10W-30, 10W-40 15W-40, 20W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.601.07.21-94


Yar-Mark 1 and 2
10W-30, 15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.301.25.19-95


Naftan of MB
15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
THAT RB 057784770-90-96


Samoil
10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-30, 15W-40, 20W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.301.12002-94


Велс 1 and 2
10W-30
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 0253.072.00148636-95


"Standard 3,5"
10W-30, 15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.301.-19-79-98


"Lukoil Standard"
10W-30, 15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 38.301-29-93-95


Spektrol
10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-30
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 0253.003.069113380-95


Yar-Mark" Extra
5W-30, 5W-40
BZ/D2 (SF/CD)
TU 38.301.25.36-97


Ferganol
30
BZ (SF)
TU Ouse. 39.3-145-96


"A3 PIER"
15W-40, 20W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU U 00152365060-97


Yukos Plus
5W-30, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-40, 20W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
TU 0253-003-48120848-98


ESSO Extra
10W-30, 15W-40
BZ/D1 (SF/CC)
Specification ф. ESSO

Family of ZMZ-406 engines
Lukoil the Super
5W-30, 5W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 0253-078-00148636-96
5W-30 from-25 to +20 °C
5W-40 from-25 to +35 °C
10W-30 from-20 to +30 °C
10W-40 from-20 to +35 °C
15W-40 from-15 to +45 °C
20W-40 from-10 to +45 °C

"Yar-Mark the Super"
5W-30, 5W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 38.301.25.37-97


Novoil-Sint
5W-30, 5W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 0253-004-05766528-97


ESSO ULTRA
10W-40
SJ/SH/CF
Specification ф. ESSO


ESSO UNIFLO
15W-40
SJ/SH/CF
Specification ф. ESSO


"Omskoil Luxury"
5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-40, 20W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 308.301.19-113-98


Yukos the Super
5W-40, 10W-40, 15W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 0253-011-48120848-98


Lukoil the Super
5W-40, 10W-40, 15W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 0253-075-00148636-99


"Lukoil Luxury"
5W-40, 10W-40, 15W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CF)
TU 0253-088-00148636-97


Lukoil the Super
5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 308.601-07-46-02


"TNK SUPER OIL"
5W-40, 10W-40, 15W-40, 20W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 308.301-41-171-01


"Havoline F3X1 Extra"
10W-40
B4/D2 (SJ/CF)
Specification ф. Teksako


"Havoline F3"
10W-40, 15W-40
B4/D2 (SJ/CF)
Specification ф. Teksako


"Yar Marka Lyuks"
5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-30, 15W-40
B4/D2 (SJ/CF)
TU 0253-010-17915330-99


"Luxury-1", 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
5W-30, 5W-40, 10W-30, 10W-40, 15W-40, 20W-40
B4/D2 (SG/CD)
TU 308.301-19-113-98


Table 11.6. Foreign analogs of fuels and lubricants and operational liquids
Materials of the Russian production
Classification, specification, analogs
Note
AI-93 gasoline
Regulyar of 91-96 RON
(RON - octava number by a research method)
Engine oils
SAE 5 w/30; SAE 15 w/30; SAE 20 w/30; Oils of ESSO API SJ/SH/CD of the ULTRON, ULTRA, UNIFLO brands

Gearbox oils
API GL-5; SAE 85 W90

Litol-24 lubricant
Mil-G-18709A; Mil - G-10924C
The specified analogs are applied in transmission knots, except the back place
LITAS lubricant
SM-iC-4515A(Ford)       

Solid oil C or Zh
VWTL-738; Mil-G-10924C; SM1C-74 A (Ford)

USSA graphitic lubricant
W-G-671 d 078.01 (RFA)

Lena TOSOL-A40M or OZh cooling liquid
Antifreeze on the basis of ethylene glycol with a complex of inhibitors of corrosion and the defoaming agent

Brake fluid "ROSDOT", "Tom"
DOT-4 or DOT-3, SAE I 1703f FMVSS 116A brake fluids
To apply according to the recommendation of the dealer who sold the car