10.3.4. Possible malfunctions of a starter and ways of their elimination

Possible malfunctions of a starter and ways of their elimination
Cause of defect
Way of elimination
The starter does not work
Wear of brushes
Up to the height of 6-7 mm to replace worn-out brushes
Unreliable contact of brushes with a collector
To check effort of brush springs. It has to be 1000-1400 гс, if necessary replace springs, eliminate jamming of brushes in the brush holder
<Rating> of a winding of an anchor
The anchor with a winding vystupaniye for diameter of a magnetic conductor needs to be replaced (see <repair of a starter>)
<Rating> of a collector
Separate plates of a collector should not support diameter of a collector. The anchor with the damaged collector needs to be replaced (see <repair of a starter>)
The traction relay does not include a starter
Podgoraniye of contacts of the traction relay
The burned slightly contacts to smooth out (see <repair of a starter>)
Jamming of the core of the traction relay
The core of the relay has to move freely by hand in the relay plug. The surface of an anchor has to be equal without wear tracks. The core of the traction relay having wear tracks needs to be replaced and to oil slightly engine
Wrong adjustment of the moment of inclusion
To adjust a starter (see <adjustment of a starter>).
Jamming of the drive at its movement on an anchor shaft
To clear it of dirt and products of wear. To oil a shaft and bearings engine. Worn-out bearings (plugs) to replace (see <repair of a starter>)
The starter joins and works, and the bent shaft of the engine does not rotate
Pro-slipping of the coupling of a free wheeling of the drive
At turn of a gear wheel of the drive a hand it has to rotate freely in one direction, and in another has to <get jammed> and rotate together with a starter anchor. If the drive gear wheel freely rotates in both parties, to replace the drive (see <repair of a starter>)
The gear wheel of the drive does not enter gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel. Abnormal noise <milling> is listened. On teeths of a flywheel there is a wear of a zakhodny part
To check adjustment of the moment of inclusion of a starter and if necessary to adjust (see <adjustment of a starter>)
The starter rotates a bent shaft of the engine with a small frequency and with the increased noise
Wear of bearings (anchor shaft plugs)
If necessary to replace bearings in covers and an intermediate support (see <repair of a starter>)
After start of the engine the drive of a starter does not leave gearing with a gear wreath of a flywheel of the engine
Jamming of the drive on a starter anchor shaft
To clear a starter anchor shaft of dirt, to remove a yellow raid from wear of bearings, to oil engine
Agglomeration of contacts of the traction relay
To immediately disconnect the rechargeable battery
The starter continues to work after switching off of ignition
To make repair of a starter (see <repair of a starter>)
Jamming of a key of the switch of ignition
To forcibly turn a key in situation <0>, to adjust the provision of a steering column excluding jamming of a key of the switch of ignition